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SINGA checkpoints model parameters onto disk periodically according to user configured frequency. By checkpointing model parameters, we can

  1. resume the training from the last checkpointing. For example, if the program crashes before finishing all training steps, we can continue the training using checkpoint files.

  2. use them to initialize a similar model. For example, the parameters from training a RBM model can be used to initialize a deep auto-encoder model.


Checkpointing is controlled by two configuration fields:

  • checkpoint_after, start checkpointing after this number of training steps,
  • checkpoint_freq, frequency of doing checkpointing.

For example,

# job.conf
checkpoint_after: 100
checkpoint_frequency: 300

Checkpointing files are located at WORKSPACE/checkpoint/stepSTEP-workerWORKERID. WORKSPACE is configured in

cluster {

For the above configuration, after training for 700 steps, there would be two checkpointing files,


Application - resuming training

We can resume the training from the last checkpoint (i.e., step 700) by,

./bin/ -conf JOB_CONF -resume

There is no change to the job configuration.

Application - model initialization

We can also use the checkpointing file from step 400 to initialize a new model by configuring the new job as,

# job.conf
checkpoint : "WORKSPACE/checkpoint/step400-worker0"

If there are multiple checkpointing files for the same snapshot due to model partitioning, all the checkpointing files should be added,

# job.conf
checkpoint : "WORKSPACE/checkpoint/step400-worker0"
checkpoint : "WORKSPACE/checkpoint/step400-worker1"

The training command is the same as starting a new job,

./bin/ -conf JOB_CONF