Using the karaf-maven-plugin

The Karaf Maven plugin allows you:

  • to work with Karaf features: verify and validate a features descriptor, add features bundle into a repository, create a KAR archive from a features descriptor, etc.

  • to create Karaf commands help: it generates help from Karaf commands

  • to modify Karaf instances and create distributions

Packaging

The most generally useful features of the karaf-maven-plugin are exposed as packagings. To use the packagings the pom or an ancestor must configure the karaf-maven-plugin with extensions:

    <build>
        <pluginManagement>
            <plugins>
                <plugin>
                    <groupId>org.apache.karaf.tooling</groupId>
                    <artifactId>karaf-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                    <version>${project.version}</version>
                    <extensions>true</extensions>
                </plugin>
            </plugins>
        </pluginManagement>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.karaf.tooling</groupId>
                <artifactId>karaf-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

Then specify the packaging in your project as usual, e.g.

    <packaging>kar</packaging>
Packaging Description

feature

The feature packaging generates a features.xml descriptor using the karaf:features-generate-descriptor

kar

The kar packaging generates a features.xml descriptor using the karaf:features-generate-descriptor and then packages a kar using the karaf:features-create-kar

karaf-assembly

Assembles a Karaf server based on the features descriptors and kar files listed as Maven dependencies.

Commands goals

The karaf-maven-plugin is able to generate documentation for Karaf commands

karaf:commands-generate-help

The karaf:commands-generate-help goal generates documentation containing Karaf commands help.

It looks for Karaf commands in the current project class loader and generates the help as displayed with the --help option in the Karaf shell console.

Example

The example below generates help for the commands in the current project:

<project>
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.karaf.tooling</groupId>
        <artifactId>karaf-maven-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>${project.version}</version>

        <executions>
          <execution>
            <id>document-commands</id>
            <phase>generate-resources</phase>
            <goals>
              <goal>commands-generate-help</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
              <targetFolder>${project.build.directory}/docbook/sources</targetFolder>
            </configuration>
          </execution>
        </executions>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
</project>
Parameters
Name Type Description

targetFolder

File

The directory where the documentation output files are to be generated. Default value: ${project.build.directory}/docbkx/sources

format

String

The output format (docbx, asciidoc, or conf) of the commands documentation. Default value: docbx

classLoader

String

The class loader to use in loading the commands. Default value: ${project}

Features and kar goals

Note

You should use the features or kar packaging instead of these individual goals.

The karaf-maven-plugin provides several goals to help you create and verify features XML descriptors as well as leverage your features to create a custom Karaf distribution.

karaf:features-generate-descriptor

Except in unusual circumstances, use the <packaging>feature</packaging> to run this goal.

The karaf:features-generate-descriptor goal generates a features XML file based on the Maven dependencies. By default, it will follow Maven transitive dependencies, stopping when it encounters bundles already present in features that are Maven dependencies.

A record of the dependency tree search can be found in target/history/treeListing.txt.

You can track dependency changes and warn or fail on change.

Configuration

Specify the packaging as a top level element

<packaging>feature</packaging>

You can supply a feature descriptor to extend in src/main/feature/feature.xml.

Parameter Name Type Description

aggregateFeatures

boolean (false)

Specifies processing of feature repositories that are (transitive) Maven dependencies. If false, all features in these repositories become dependencies of the generated feature. If true, all features in these repositories are copied into the generated feature repository.

startLevel

int

The start level for the bundles determined from Maven dependencies. This can be overridden by specifying the bundle in the source feature.xml with the desired startlevel.

includeTransitiveDependency

boolean (true)

Whether to follow Maven transitive dependencies.

checkDependencyChange

boolean (false)

Whether to record dependencies in src/main/history/dependencies.xml for change tracking.

warnOnDependencyChange

boolean (false)

whether to fail on changed dependencies (false, default) or warn in the build output (true).

logDependencyChanges

boolean (false)

If true, added and removed dependencies are shown in target/history.

overwriteChangedDependencies

boolean (false)

If true, the src/main/history/dependencies.xml file will be overwritten if it has changed.

Example
<project>
...
  <packaging>feature</packaging>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.apache</groupId>
      <artifactId>bundle1</artifactId>
      <version>1.0</version>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.karaf.tooling</groupId>
        <artifactId>karaf-maven-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>${project.version}</version>
        <extensions>true</extensions>
          <configuration>
            <startLevel>80</startLevel>
            <aggregateFeatures>true</aggregateFeatures>
          </configuration>
        </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
</project>
karaf:verify

The karaf:verify goal verifies and validates a features XML descriptor by checking if all the required imports for the bundles defined in the features can be matched to a provided export.

By default, the plugin tries to add the Karaf core features (standard and enterprise) in the repositories set. It means that it’s not required to explicitly define the Karaf features descriptor in the repository section of your features descriptor.

Example

The example below validates the features defined in the target/features.xml by checking all the imports and exports. It reads the definition for the packages that are exported by the system bundle from the src/main/resources/config.properties file.

<project>
  <build>
    <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.karaf.tooling</groupId>
                <artifactId>karaf-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                <configuration>
                </configuration>
                <executions>
                    <execution>
                        <id>verify</id>
                        <phase>process-resources</phase>
                        <goals>
                            <goal>verify</goal>
                        </goals>
                        <configuration>
                            <descriptors>
                                <descriptor>mvn:org.apache.karaf.features/framework/4.0.4/xml/features</descriptor>
                                <descriptor>file:${project.build.directory}/feature/feature.xml</descriptor>
                            </descriptors>
                            <distribution>org.apache.karaf.features:framework</distribution>
                            <javase>1.8</javase>
                            <framework>
                                <feature>framework</feature>
                            </framework>
                        </configuration>
                    </execution>
                </executions>
            </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
</project>
Parameters
Name Type Description

descriptors

String[]

The list of features XML repositories to use for the verify

features

String[]

The list of features to verify. If not specified, all features in the descriptors will be verified.

framework

String[]

The features providing the Karaf framework (optional)

javase

String

The Java version to use for the verify

karaf:features-add-to-repository

Consider using the karaf-assembly packaging which makes it easy to assemble a custom distribution in one step instead of this individual goal.

The karaf:features-add-to-repository goal adds all the required bundles for a given set of features into directory. You can use this goal to create a /system directory for building your own Karaf-based distribution.

By default, the Karaf core features descriptors (standard and enterprise) are automatically included in the descriptors set.

Example

The example below copies the bundles for the spring and war features defined in the Karaf features XML descriptor into the target/features-repo directory.

<project>
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.karaf.tooling</groupId>
        <artifactId>karaf-maven-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>${project.version}</version>

        <executions>
          <execution>
            <id>features-add-to-repo</id>
            <phase>generate-resources</phase>
            <goals>
              <goal>features-add-to-repository</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
              <descriptors>
                <descriptor>mvn:org.apache.karaf.features/standard/4.0.0/xml/features</descriptor>
                <descriptor>mvn:my.groupid/my.artifactid/1.0.0/xml/features</descriptor>
              </descriptors>
              <features>
                <feature>spring</feature>
                <feature>war</feature>
                <feature>my</feature>
              </features>
              <repository>target/features-repo</repository>
            </configuration>
          </execution>
        </executions>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
</project>
Parameters
Name Type Description

descriptors

String[]

List of features XML descriptors where the features are defined

features

String[]

List of features that bundles should be copied to the repository directory

repository

File

The directory where the bundles will be copied by the plugin goal

karaf:create-kar
Note

Except in unusual circumstances, use the <packaging>kar</packaging> to run this goal.

The karaf:kar goal assembles a KAR archive from a features XML descriptor file, normally generated in the same project with the karaf:features-generate-descriptor goal.

There are two important directories in a kar:

  • repository/ contains a Maven structured repository of artifacts to be copied into the Karaf repository. The features descriptor and all the bundles mentioned in it are installed in this directory.

  • resources/ contains other resources to be copied over the Karaf installation.

Everything in target/classes is copied into the kar. Therefore resources you want installed into Karaf need to be in e.g. src/main/resources/resources. This choice is so other resources such as legal files from the maven-remote-resources-plugin can be included under META-INF in the kar, without getting installed into Karaf.

Example
<project>
...
  <packaging>kar</packaging>
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.karaf.tooling</groupId>
        <artifactId>karaf-maven-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>${project.version}</version>
        <extensions>true</extensions>
        <!-- There is no useful configuration for the kar mojo. The features-generate-descriptor mojo configuration may be useful -->
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
</project>
karaf:install-kar

Instances and distributions goals

Note

You should use the karaf-assembly packaging instead of this individual goal.

The karaf-maven-plugin helps you to build custom Karaf distributions or archives existing Karaf instances:

karaf:archive
Note

This goal is run as part of the karaf-assembly packaging.

The karaf:archive goal packages a Karaf instance archive from a given assembled instance.

Both tar.gz and zip formats are generated in the destination folder.

Example

The example below create archives for the given Karaf instance:

<project>
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.karaf.tooling</groupId>
        <artifactId>karaf-maven-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>${project.version}</version>
          <executions>
            <execution>
              <id>generate</id>
              <phase>package</phase>
              <goals>
                <goal>archive</goal>
              </goals>
              <configuration>
                <destDir>${project.build.directory}</destDir>
                <targetServerDirectory>${project.build.directory}/assembly</targetServerDirectory>
                <targetFile>${project.file}</targetFile>
              </configuration>
            </execution>
          </executions>
        </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
</project>
Parameters
Name Type Description

destDir

File

The target directory of the project. Default value: ${project.build.directory}

targetServerDirectory

File

The location of the server repository. Default value: ${project.build.directory}/assembly

targetFile

File

The target file to set as the project’s artifact. Default value: ${project.file}

karaf:assembly

Run, client, deploy goals

karaf:run
karaf:client
karaf:deploy